The Research Alerts service is kindly provided by the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) to help keep CARWH members abreast of recent literature in the areas of occupational health and safety, epidemiology, public health and others within the IWH mandate (for more information on IWH please visit

Please note that these articles have not been reviewed by Institute scientists to assess the quality of the studies. Research Alerts should not be considered an endorsement of the findings. Readers are cautioned not to act on the results of single studies, but rather to seek bodies of evidence.